Smart home is through a variety of sensing technology, receiving detection signals and judging them, giving instructions for various information-related communication equipment, household appliances, home security, lighting and other devices in the home to make corresponding actions, so as to serve users more effectively and reduce the amount of user labor. On this basis, the integrated use of computer, network communication, home appliance control and other technologies will effectively combine home intelligent control, information exchange and consumer services in home life, maintain the harmony and coordination of these family facilities and residential environment, and create a safe, comfortable, energy-saving, efficient and convenient personalized home life. In the future, smart home can sense anything users do at home, and can give users life support through intelligent functions at any time, and at the same time, provide intelligent services to meet users” timely needs.
(1) Stages of Smart Home Development
The development of smart home goes through three stages: the product-centered single product intelligence stage, the scene-centered scene intelligence stage, and the user-centered smart home stage.
(A) Single product intelligence stage
Single product intelligence in smart speakers, smart door locks, smart cameras, smart lighting is the most popular smart home products, the future may include smart doorbell, smart cat”s eye, smart clothes dryer, smart sensors and other products. With the evolution of the product, the future of almost all products in the home can listen, will speak, can understand.
Smart speaker is the product of the upgrade of ordinary speakers, is a tool for home consumers to use voice to access the Internet, such as on-demand songs, online shopping, or to understand the weather forecast, you can also use smart speakers to control other smart home devices, such as opening the curtains, set the refrigerator temperature, advance the water heater to warm up.
Smart door lock is different from the traditional mechanical lock based on the improvement in user security, identification, management of more intelligent and convenient lock. For example, intelligent fingerprint lock, common features include fingerprint, password, card, mechanical key four in one way to open the lock. Increase on the network function, can realize remote control.
Intelligent camera can take the initiative to capture abnormal images and automatically send alarms, greatly reducing the input of user energy, can achieve real-time and anywhere monitoring. The camera can be connected to the cell phone through the cell phone APP, click on it to view the camera instantly shot; at the same time, when the shot screen abnormal movement or sound, the camera can automatically capture the abnormal and enable the automatic upload of the cloud recording, but also through SMS or cell phone APP to send alarm information to the user, so as to achieve all-weather intelligent monitoring.
Intelligent lighting refers to the use of distributed wireless telemetry, remote control, telematics control system to achieve intelligent control of home lighting equipment and even home life equipment, with the intensity of light adjustment, soft lighting start, timing control, scene settings and other functions. With the rise of the Internet of things, LED lighting towards a small network of digital lighting, further integration of personalized, people-oriented intelligent lighting is becoming the focus of future industry development.
(B) Scene intelligence stage
Scene intelligence will be smart home to regional space division, involving all corners of the family living space, such as bedroom scenes, living room scenes, kitchen scenes, balcony scenes, bathroom scenes, porch scenes, staircase scenes, garden scenes, each different space, there can be a corresponding small regional scenes to match. The scenes around the user”s life needs include safety scenes, health scenes, rest scenes, entertainment scenes, rainy day scenes, ventilation scenes, energy-saving scenes, dehumidification scenes, formaldehyde scenes, anti-fog scenes, homecoming scenes, away from home scenes, laundry and drying scenes, bathing scenes, etc.
For example, in the smart bedroom, the bed introduces a variety of health functions, such as massage function, health indicators detection function, etc.; lighting can automatically complete the adjustment, such as home mode, away from home mode, sleep mode and reading mode; windows will automatically close on rainy days. Smart bedroom at night when the user sleeps, all lights will be automatically turned off, curtains closed, smart bed statistics sleep state, home security system automatically armed. When users get up in the morning, soft background music will play and curtains will open slowly.
(C) smart home stage user-centered smart home is the ultimate development goal of smart home
that is, to provide a more comfortable, safe, convenient and efficient life. Home life in the existence of all intelligent equipment operations are inseparable from the interaction with the user, the operation of all intelligent devices are also inseparable from the user service. Artificial intelligence technology will have a profound impact on the smart home industry in two dimensions of interaction and implementation of decisions.
In terms of interaction, artificial intelligence will have a revolutionary impact on the way of smart home interaction. The year 2020 is the first year of visual human-computer interaction from intelligent voice to intelligent vision, and more visual-based interaction will be born. Visual interaction is not only in line with the non-contact economy, but also the mainstream trend in the next decade.
In the implementation of decision making, artificial intelligence provides a path for machines to learn to make autonomous decisions on their own. This will make personal identification, user data collection, and product linkage become reality in a subtle way, and the future home life scenario will provide thousands of people and personalized services for family members.